A vergonha e o bem-estar psicológico dos adolescentes: O medo de receber compaixão e os sentimentos de segurança e ligação aos outros como processos mediadores

Autores

  • Ana Laura Mendes Centro de Investigação em Neuropsicologia e Intervenção Cognitivo-Comportamental (CINEICC) da Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação da Universidade de Coimbra https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9889-5855
  • Maria Cristina Canavarro Centro de Investigação em Neuropsicologia e Intervenção Cognitivo-Comportamental (CINEICC) da Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação da Universidade de Coimbra https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5083-7322
  • Cláudia Ferreira Centro de Investigação em Neuropsicologia e Intervenção Cognitivo-Comportamental (CINEICC) da Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação da Universidade de Coimbra

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31211/rpics.2020.6.2.187

Palavras-chave:

adolescentes, vergonha externa, medo da compaixão, sentimentos de segurança e ligação aos outros, bem-estar psicológico, estudo exploratório

Resumo

Objetivos: O objetivo do presente estudo foi testar o papel mediador do medo de receber compaixão dos outros e dos sentimentos de segurança e proximidade, em contexto social, na associação entre vergonha externa e o bem-estar psicológico dos adolescentes. Foi hipotetizado que adolescentes com elevados níveis de vergonha externa apresentem uma diminuição nos níveis de bem-estar psicológico, através do aumento do medo de receber compaixão e da diminuição dos sentimentos de segurança e proximidade em contexto social. Métodos: Participaram neste estudo 361 adolescentes portugueses de ambos os sexos (43,8% rapazes; 56,2% raparigas), com idade entre os 12 e os 18 anos, os quais completaram medidas de autorresposta relativamente a sentimentos de vergonha, medo da compaixão, sentimentos de segurança e de proximidade aos outros, e bem-estar percebido dos adolescentes.  Os dados foram explorados através de estatísticas descritivas e correlacionais, e o modelo teórico proposto foi testado através de análises path. Resultados: Os dados pareceram demonstrar que, em ambos os sexos, a vergonha externa está associada a um decréscimo do bem-estar psicológico dos adolescentes, e que este efeito é mediado pelo aumento do medo de receber compaixão dos outros e pela diminuição dos sentimentos de segurança e conexão em contexto social. Os resultados indicaram que o modelo testado apresenta um adequado ajustamento aos dados, explicando 15,0% da variância do medo de receber compaixão dos outros, 37,0% da variância dos sentimentos de segurança e proximidade aos outros e 46,0% da variância do bem-estar psicológico dos adolescentes. Conclusões: Este estudo parece contribuir para uma compreensão mais aprofundada acerca da importância do papel dos sentimentos de inferioridade, do medo de receber compaixão dos outros, e dos sentimentos de segurança e proximidade, no contexto social, no bem-estar psicológico dos adolescentes.

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Publicado

2020-11-29

Como Citar

Mendes, A. L., Canavarro , M. C. ., & Ferreira , C. . (2020). A vergonha e o bem-estar psicológico dos adolescentes: O medo de receber compaixão e os sentimentos de segurança e ligação aos outros como processos mediadores. Revista Portuguesa De Investigação Comportamental E Social, 6(2), 56–68. https://doi.org/10.31211/rpics.2020.6.2.187

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